•  Introduction

    Problems concerning the appropriate use of land resources and improved land management are important worldwide.  Due to this, they must be given greater attention.  Information related to specified units of immovable property units is a cornerstone of Land Information Systems since data concerning ownership and other property rights, boundaries, areas, land uses, market and assessed values, buildings, etc., are all interrelated. This chapter is devoted to the problem of developing efficient information systems based on such land units by way of putting in place efficient land registration and cadastre. It presents the meaning, nature, types, and purposes of cadastre and land registers. It also treats the types of institutions of cadastre and land registration.