Study on-line

Study on-line (315)

A to Z is a collection of resources for Ethiopian's legal profession, students, academics and the public. These links have been collected so that users with an interest in the law and Ethiopia may be able to access the Ethiopian legal information they require more quickly. The site is organized simply into an alphabetical list of law subjects. This link is a very helpful source for students who want to study online as teaching materials written by different university teachers under the sponsorship of Justice and Legal System Research Institute are included in the list. Moreover, Training materials prepared by different Proffessionals under the sponsorship of Federal Justice Organs Professionals Training Centerare also in our list. 

As a subfield of public economics, fiscal federalism is concerned with "understanding which functions and instruments are best centralized and which are best placed in the sphere of decentralized levels of government". In other words, it is the study of how competencies (expenditure side) and fiscal instruments (revenue side) are…
Taxation is the earliest and most prevalent form of government inter­ference with the economic life of individuals and business enter­prises. The right of the chief authority to collect taxes, and the general policy which determines who is to be taxed, how much the tax shall be, and for what purposes…
Taxes are important sources of public revenue. Public goods and services are normally subject to collective consumption, thus requiring that we put some of what we earn into government hands. Public goods are normally supplied by public agencies due to their natures of non-rivalry and non-excludability. The nature of consumption…
    Introduction                ‘The literal meaning of sharia is ‘the road to watering hold’,                 the clear, right or straight path to be followed. In Islam, it                 came to mean the divinely mandated path, the straight path,                 the straight path to Islam, that Muslim were to follow,…
The Pre-Islamic Period The place where Islam was born is Arabian Peninsula. This country has a land of one million square miles (or 625,000 squares Kms) which is mainly dominated by desert and steppe areas. It was inhibited by Bedawin tribes who were nomads and pastoralists. They were moving from…
A.      Contents of wills The testator can determine the contents a will he/she makes freely so long as the contents of his/her will do not violate the law or so long as they are not contrary to public moral. Art 909 lists down the contents of a will. But this…
  There are three types of wills (See Art 880). All of them are required to be made by following the formal requirements prescribed by the law. Failure to fulfill these formal requirements may cause the invalidation of the will as a whole. The law is so strict as far…
  A will is the most satisfactory means of arranging for the devolution of a person’s property after death. In Ethiopia many people do not make wills even if there is no comprehensive data on the percentage of wills and intestate successions. While making a will, the testator makes a…
  In Ethiopia, most of the successions are intestate. When the deceased leaves no will at all or a court for various reasons invalidates the will made by him, it is said that the succession is intestate. In such a case, the distribution of the estate will be in accordance…
  The law requires someone who alleges to have a right in the succession of the deceased to fulfill some requirements. One is expected to have capacity to succeed. This is one of the most important requirements to succeed the deceased. The capacity to succeed depends mainly on two conditions.…
The literal meaning of patrimony is the estate that descended from the father to his descendants.  However, this does not exclude the estate that descends from the mother to her descendants and/or from other ancestors in the paternal as well as in the maternal line.  In the law of property,…
ይህ ሀላፊነት በእንግሊዝኛው /vicarious liability/ የሚባለው ነው፡፡ የተደነገገውም ከ2124 እስክ 2136 ባሉት ቁጥሮች ስር ነው፡፡ ሀላፊነትን የሚያስከትለው ተግባር የተፈፀመው በአንዱ ሰው ሲሆን ተጠያቂ የሚሆነው ግን ሌላ ሰው ነው፡፡ ሀላፊነት የሚያስከትለውን ተግባር የሚያከናውኑት ሦስት ዓይነት ሰዎች ናቸው፡፡ እነሱም አካለ መጠን ያላደረሰ ልጅ፣ ሠራተኛ እና ደራሲያን /ፀሐፊዎች/ /authors/ ናቸው፡፡ ሠራተኛ የሚለው የመንግስት…
ባለፈው  ክፍል ጥፋት ምን እንደሆነ የጥፋት  ዓይነቶችንና ጥፋት  በምን ላይ  ሊፈፀምና እንዴት  አላፊነትን  ሊያስከትል  እንደሚችል አይተናል፡፡ በዚህ ክፍል  ደግሞ  አንድ ሰው ጥፋት ሳይኖረው   እንዴት  ተጠያቂ  እንደሚሆን  እንመለከታለን፡፡ በእንግሊዝኛው  /Strict liability/ የሚባለው ነው፡፡ ስለጥፋት  ሳይኖር አላፊነትን የሚደነግጉት  ቁጥሮች  ከ2066 እስከ 2089 ያሉት ናቸው፡፡ እነዚህን ቁጥሮች  በንዑስ  ክፍሎች   ስንከፍላቸው፡፡   ቁጥር 2066-2070…
ውል  ከማድረግ  በፊት  የተደረገ ድርድር ቁጥር 2055   አንድ  ተዋዋይ  ውል  ገብቶ  በውሉ መሠረት ግደታውን  ሳይወጣ  ከቀረ በውሉ መሠረትና በውል ድንጋጌዎች  መሠረት  አላፊ  ይሆናል፡፡ ሆኖም  ግን  ውል ከመግባቱ በፊት አንደ ሰው  ሌላኛውን ወገን  ውል እንዲገባ ሊያግባባውና ውሉንና ከውሉ የሚያገኘውን  በማሰብ  ለወጪ  ሊዳርገው ይችላል፡፡ ይህን  ወጪ  ከወጣ  በኃላ  ግን አግባቢው ውል …