Study on-line

Study on-line (315)

A to Z is a collection of resources for Ethiopian's legal profession, students, academics and the public. These links have been collected so that users with an interest in the law and Ethiopia may be able to access the Ethiopian legal information they require more quickly. The site is organized simply into an alphabetical list of law subjects. This link is a very helpful source for students who want to study online as teaching materials written by different university teachers under the sponsorship of Justice and Legal System Research Institute are included in the list. Moreover, Training materials prepared by different Proffessionals under the sponsorship of Federal Justice Organs Professionals Training Centerare also in our list. 

Putting the Conflict in Perspective Multi-ethnic societies can survive only if all respective groups within the polity feel themselves as winners. One of the most contested issues in the public discourse of Ethiopian politics remains the difficulty one gets in interpreting state failure in the twentieth century. While there is…
The Era of Written Constitutions If a constitution is intended to be a document enjoying a wide degree of popular accep­tance which in turn helps to convey legitimacy on the public authority and guides the exercise of power along the lines which the constitution lays down, then none of the…
Ethiopian history dates back to the tenth century BC or at least official records take it to the Axumite civilization (first century AD to 1150). There is no iota of doubt that Ethiopia is the birthplace of mankind. With the discovery ofDinknesh(wonderful), otherwise known by herferenginame as ‘Lucy’ in 1974,…
Pursuant to Art. 2179 of the Ethiopian civil code, we find two sources of representation:  the agreement of the parties or by law. In most cases, the authority to represent a person on a transaction with a third person emanates from the agreement of the parties and seldom, when the…
INTRODUCTION This short paper which is divided into two main parts, an introduction and a conclusion, aims to discuss the issue of corporal punishment on children with special emphasis given to a criminal case decided by a court in Ethiopia in 2012. The first part concerns itself with the events…
የወንጀል ቅጣት አወሳሰን መመሪያ መሰረት ቅጣት የሚወሰንበት ሁኔታ በሰንጠረዡ መሰረት ቅጣትን ለመወሰን በመጀመሪያ የሚነሳው መሰረታዊ ጥያቄ በዚህ ሰንጠረዥ መሰረት ቅጣትን እንዴት እንወስናለን የሚለው ነው፡፡ ማለትም፣ መነሻ ቅጣት እንዴት እንወስናለን? በማክበጃዎች መሰረት እንዴት እንወስናለን ? በማቅለያዎች መሰረት እንዴት እንወስናለን ? የሚሉት ናቸው፡፡ የወንጀል ደረጃዎችን እንደወንጀሉ ከባድነት መለየት በወንጀል ሕጉ አንቀጽ 88(2)…
የመመሪያው አላማና ግብ በመመሪያው አንቀጽ 3 የሚከተለው ተደንግጎ እናገኛለን አንቀጽ 3 . የመመሪያው አላማና ግብ፣ 1.  የመመሪያው አላማ በወንጀል ፍትህ ስርአቱ ግልጽነትና ተጠያቂነትን ባረጋገጠ መልኩ  ውጤታማና ተገማችነት ያለው ቅጣት የሚሰጥበትን ስርአት በመመስረት ወንጀል እንዳይፈጸም መከላከል ነው፡፡ 2.  መመሪያው የሚከተሉት ግቦች ይኖሩታል፡፡ ሀ. በተቀራራቢና ተመሳሳይ የወንጀል ጉዳዮች መካከል ተቀራራቢነት ያለው የቅጣት አወሳሰን…
ቅጣትን የሚመለከቱ የወንጀል ህጉ ድንጋጌዎች ይዘት በወንጀል ህጉ ሁለተኛ ታላቅ ክፍል (ልዩ ክፍል) ለእያንዳንዱ የወንጀል ድርጊት መነሻና መድረሻ ቅጣት ተቀምጠዋል፡፡ አብዛኛዎቹ የቅጣት መነሻና መድረሻዎች የሚከተሉትን ይመስላሉ፡፡ ከ1 አመት እስከ 10 አመት ከ3 አመት እስከ 10 አመት ከ5 አመት እስከ 15 አመት በህጉ ልዩ ክፍል ከተመለከቱት ቅጣቶች በተጨማሪ አጠቃላይ የቅጣት አወሳሰን…
The word comes from the Latin term juris prudentia, which means "the study, knowledge, or science of law." This signifies that like any other social study, law can also be studied scientifically or systematically. In modern law jurisprudence is understood as a term that embraces spectrum of questions about the…
Although punishment has been a crucial feature of every legal system, a widespread disagreement exists over the moral principles that can justify its imposition. One fundamental question is why and whether the social institution of punishment is warranted.  The second question concerns the necessary conditions for punishment in particular cases.…
The relevance of maritime law to land-locked countries like Ethiopia has frequently been misunderstood. Some think the Maritime Code of 1960 is no more important since Ethiopia became a country without sea ports in the early 1990s. The myth underlying this misconception is that land-locked countries could not possibly engage…
Transportation of goods and passengers by water is one of the most ancient channels of commerce on record.This mode of transportation was and still is indispensable for international trade since ships are capable of carrying bulky goods which otherwise would not be carried. Rules governing relationships among participants of sea-transport…
Gilmore and Black, in their the Law of Admiralty, define maritime law as ‘’A corpus of rules, concepts and legal practices governing certain centrally important concerns of the business of carrying goods and passengers by water’’. On the other hand, William Tetley’s Glossary of Maritime Terms describes maritime law as…
The history of taxes reveals that their coercive nature is of comparatively recent development. The original idea of a tax was that payment was not obligatory upon the subject, but consisted rather as a voluntary contribution toward the expenses of government, as appears from the Medieval Latin term donum, and…