Study on-line

Study on-line (306)

A to Z is a collection of resources for Ethiopian's legal profession, students, academics and the public. These links have been collected so that users with an interest in the law and Ethiopia may be able to access the Ethiopian legal information they require more quickly. The site is organized simply into an alphabetical list of law subjects. This link is a very helpful source for students who want to study online as teaching materials written by different university teachers under the sponsorship of Justice and Legal System Research Institute are included in the list. Moreover, Training materials prepared by different Proffessionals under the sponsorship of Federal Justice Organs Professionals Training Centerare also in our list. 

Cardinal Principles The cardinal principles are general principles from which all the subsidiary rules and principles of bankruptcy emanate. They are like constitutional principles from which all the bye-laws originate. Principle I: Pre-liquidation rights shall be respected: All the rights of individuals who acquired a right against the debtor before…
As we have discussed earlier in the part dealing with the historical background of bankruptcy, in the earlier times bankruptcy applies to persons who involved in commercial activities. That is to say, it is only persons who involved in commerce that can be the subjects of bankruptcy. But later, because…
Elders witness that in Ethiopia the ancient society experienced similar practices like that of Romans. In the earlier times failure to perform promises (i.e. failure to pay back loans) which were given in monetary form or in exchange of goods for goods or bartering entails punishment. The punishment imposed on…
It is proper to define the term bankruptcy before delving into the discussion on the concept. Some literatures reveal that the term bankruptcy is used only for individual debtor's insolvency whereas the term liquidation is used for insolvency of business organization. However, many jurisdictions use the term bankruptcy interchangeably with…
Genesis, Development and Principles The Roman low has been exerting a significant impact on the formation and development of modern private laws in many countries of the world, starting from the era of Justinia who was the Emperor of the Roman Empire around the 6th century A.D “Ethiopians at this…
Authority by Virtue of Contractual Agency We have discussed what authority is under the above topics. This topic focuses on authority, which is derived from the agreement of the contracting parties, agent and principal. Hence in reading this topic we shall see it from the perspectives of the common law…
Obviously, an agent is a person who has the authority to act in the name and on behalf of another person called the principal. In other words, it is an authority given to the agent to perform juridical acts as a medium of an intermediary with another person called the…
Genesis and Development of the Law of Agency The concept of agency representation in the sense it is understood now emerged around the twelfth century (A.D) along with the salve and slave owner’s relations. Since the early time, salves were considered as a mere chattel without any rights. It was…
Definition The Law of agency is in most cases defined as the relationship between two persons, where one (the agent) may act on behalf of the other (principal) and bind the principal by words and actions .It is also defined as the relationship in which one person acts for or…
Objectives of the African Union The African Union has seventeen objectives in view. These objectives are enumerated herein under are provided in Article 30 of the Constitutive Act of the African Union and Article 3 of the Protocol to amend the Constitutive Act. These are: Achieve greater unity and solidarity…
The Rationale for Personality Before embarking up on assessing the legal personality of the African Union both at international and domestic levels, it seems imperative to justify why we should bother about the legal personality of international organizations in general and that of the African Union in particular. As you…
International institutional law is a body of law that dares to make a systematic study of the institutional problems which arise or may arise in all or most international organizations. International institutional law has to be distinguished from the general law of international organizations, as the former is limited in…
The Relationship of African Union and NEPAD The establishment of the African Union is not an end in itself. It is rather a means to a desired end; the end being promotion of development and good governance in the African continent. Therefore, the African Union has to be substantiated with…
The creation of the African Union as a new Pan-African body is not a sudden happening that has not been anticipated in The African history. It was rather a result of the age-old process of pan-African movements in different courses of history. No one can dare to have a full-fledged…