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WHEREAS, it is necessary to ensure better protection of users of advocacy service;  provision of high quality and well-organized advocacy service; and raising the professional standard of advocacy service is necessary to promote rule of law and the right of access to justice; 

WHEREAS, it is necessary to establish a system that is designed to advance the public interest and prevalence of justice; a joint administration that balances the respective roles of the government and practitioners in order to ensure advocacy services provided with professional independence;

WHEREAS, it is necessary to lay down a system that directs and governs law firms which provide uninterrupted and institutionally guaranteed advocacy service to users of advocacy service;

WHEREAS, it is necessary to establish a system whereby advocates undergo continuing professional training intended to keep them well informed of the latest developments in the form of new laws, legal concepts, and relevant local and international practices;

WHEREAS, it is necessary to establish a system whereby advocates can, individually as well as through their own associations, ensure their rights and interests are respected, and advance their knowledge, expertise and professional standards;

WHEREAS, it is necessary to establish a mechanism by which complaints arising out of the administration of advocacy services are fairly entertained;

NOW, THEREFORE, in accordance with Article 55(1) of the Constitution of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, it is hereby Proclaimed as follows:

WHEREAS, the establishment of Alternative Dispute Resolution and Conciliation helps to complement the right to justice and, in particular, contribute to the resolution of investment and commercial related disputes and to the development of the sector;

WHEREAS, arbitration and conciliation help in rendering efficient decision by reducing the cost of the contracting parties, protecting confidentiality, allowing the participation of experts and the use of simple procedure which provides freedom to contracting parties;

WHEREAS, it is necessary to provide for a general framework for the identification of arbitrable cases, management of arbitration proceedings and execution of decision by taking into account the objective condition prevailing in the country;

WHEREAS, the Proclamation helps in implementing international treaties acceded and ratified by Ethiopia;

WHEREAS, it has become necessary to amend the laws in force by taking into account the international practices and principles related to arbitration and conciliation;

NOW, THEREFORE, in accordance with Article 55(1) of the Constitution of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, it is hereby proclaimed as follows:

WHEREAS, in the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia Constitution, judicial power is vested in both the Federal and the Regional courts;

WHEREAS, the Constitution stipulates that everyone has a right to bring justiciable matter to obtain a decision or judgment from, a court of law; irreplaceable;

WHEREAS, it is necessary to establish a system in which Federal Courts play an inimitable role in enforcing the rules of law and, protection of human and democratic rights;

WHEREAS, it is necessary to ensure that Federal Courts do provide effective, efficient, accountable and predictable service in accordance with judicial independence mentioned in the provision of the Constitution;

WHEREAS, establishing a legislative framework under which courts would have full autonomy to manage their own budget, recruit and assign their non-judicial personnel, and administer themselves is essential for a strong judiciary;

WHEREAS, the frequent amendment of the Federal Courts Proclamation No. 25/1996 makes inconvenience to work and necessary of having an amended Proclamation;

NOW THEREFORE, in accordance to the Article 55 Sub-Article (1) of the Constitution of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, it is hereby proclaimed as follows.

 

Here is the Amharic and English version of the convention. ሕገ ወጥ የሰው ንግድንና ሌሎች ሰዎችን ለዝሙት አዳሪነት በማሰማራት የመጠቀምን ተግባር ለመከልከል የተደረገ ስምምነት

Whereas prostitution and the accompanying evil of the traffic in persons for the purpose of prostitution are incompatible with the dignity and worth of the human person and endanger the welfare of the individual, the family and the community,

Whereas, with respect to the suppression of the traffic in women and children, the following international instruments are in force:

(1) International Agreement of 18 May 1904 for the Suppression of the White Slave Traffic, as amended by the Protocol approved by the General Assembly of the United Nations on 3 December 1948,

(2) International Convention of 4 May 1910 for the Suppression of the White Slave Traffic, as amended by the above-mentioned Protocol,

(3) International Convention of 30 September 1921 for the Suppression of the Traffic in Women and Children, as amended by the Protocol approved by the General Assembly of the United Nations on 20 October 1947,

(4) International Convention of 11 October 1933 for the Suppression of the Traffic in Women of Full Age, as amended by the aforesaid Protocol,

Whereas the League of Nations in 1937 prepared a draft Convention extending the scope of the abovementioned instruments, and

Whereas developments since 1937 make feasible the conclusion of a convention consolidating the above-mentioned instruments and embodying the substance of the 1937 draft Convention as well as desirable alterations therein:

New Labour Proclamation - Proclamation No. 1156/2019
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 2.56 MB
 09-02-2021

WHEREAS, it has been found necessary to lay down a working system that guarantees the rights of workers and employers to freely establish their respective associations and to engage, through their duly authorized representatives, in social dialogue and collective bargaining, as well as to draw up procedures for the expeditious settlement of labor disputes, which arise between them;


WHEREAS, there is a need to create a favorable environment for investment and achievement of national economic goals without scarifying fundamental workplace rights by laying down well-considered labour administration; and determine the duties and responsibilities of governmental organs entrusted with the power to monitor labor conditions; occupational health and safety; and environmental protection together with bilateral and tripartite social dialogue mechanisms, political, economic and social policies of the Country;


WHEREAS it has been found necessary to reformulate the existing labour law with a view to attaining the aforementioned objectives and in accordance with the and in conformity with the international conventions and other legal commitments to which Ethiopia is a party;


NOW, THEREFORE, in accordance with Article 55 (1) and (3) of the Constitution of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, it is hereby proclaimed as follows:

Members of parliament have ratified the Commercial Code on March 2021, marking the first time in over six decades that the Code has seen any major revisions. Revised after 62 years, the new Code allows for the legal recognition of holding companies and single-member companies, as well as allowing virtual shareholder meetings. The new Code also introduces a variety of insolvency procedures in addition to bankruptcy, including preventive restructuring proceedings and simplified reorganization proceedings. It also incorporates new clauses that provide protection for minority shareholders on corporate transparency and disclosure, improved rights, and more stringent stipulations of responsibilities on the part of corporate boards. The changes made are expected to improve the ease of doing business in the country.

You can download the official version of this code (Amharic Version) here. 

 

This commentary is written by George Krzeczunowicz in 1970 and consists entirely in a ‘By article’ commentary. This is a great source in understanding the basic articles of tort laws of Ethiopia. Enjoy reading!

 

Xiinxala Labsii Bulchiinsaa fi Too’annoo Meeshaa Waraanaa Lakk. 1177/2012 - kwt 22(3) 3)-Meeshaa Waraanaa Heddummina Qabu qabach qabachuu ilaalchisee raawwii keewwaticha irratti taasifame.(Eliyaas Kaasaati in)

Peer review is a mechanism that countries employ to assess the quality and effectiveness of their policies, legislation, and institutions. It provides a forum in which policies can be explained and discussed, on a non-confrontational and non-adversarial basis. Thanks to the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) and the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) peer review is now being applied in the realm of law, particularly competition law.

This paper seeks to assess the result of peer review mechanisms in competition law in affecting the development interest of developing countries. The author contends that assessing the efficacy and impact of peer review upon competition law is essential to satisfy policy objectives and because the mechanisms of peer review are relatively new and are being applied in a very complicated area of law. Assessment of peer review is also useful when evaluating the potential utility of inviting peer review in other related areas of law.

Federal Supreme Court Cassation Decisions - Table of content Volume 1-24 FEATURED HOT!
 15854 Downloads
 6.81 MB
 02-05-2021

አዘጋጆቹ በዚህ ጊዜ በመስፍን ታፈሰ እና ጓዶቹ (MTA) የሕግ ቢሮ በአሶሲየትነት በመስራት ላይ የሚገኙ ሲሆኑ ይህን ስራ አዘጋጆቹ በግላቸው የሰሩት እና የሚሰሩበትን ተቋም ያካተተ ወይም የሚወክል አይደለም። ይህ ማውጫ የሚያገለግለው ለትምህርት እና ለመረጃ ምንጭነት ብቻ ነው። በዚህ ማውጫ ዝግጅት ላይ የፌዴራል ጠቅላይ ፍርድ ቤት ያዘጋጀው ከ ቅጽ 1 እስከ 16 ማውጫን በመጠቀም የቀሩትን ቅጾች አጠቃለን አዘጋጅተናል።

አዘጋጆቹ ይህን ማውጫ በሚያዘጋጁበት ጊዜ በውስጡ ያሉትን መረጃዎች እውነታነት ለማረጋገጥ አስፈላጊውን ጥረት አድርገዋል፡፡ ይህ ማውጫ ሲዘጋጅም ትክክለኛ መረጃ እንዲይዝ በማሰብ ነው፡፡ ሆኖም ግን በዚህ ማውጫ ላይ ሊኖሩ በሚችሉ ስህተቶች፣ ግድፈቶች፣ ጉድለቶች እንዲሁም አለመስማማቶች ሊከሰቱ ለሚችሉ ጉዳቶችም ሆነ ኪሳራ አዘጋጆቹ ምንም አይነት ኃላፊነት እንደማይወስዱ ያሳውቃሉ።

ይህ ማውጫ በዋነኛነት የመረጃ ምንጭ እንዲሆን እና ለሕግ ማህበረሰቡ ቀላል እና ፈጣን ማጣቀሻ እንዲሆን የተዘጋጀ ቢሆንም ቀጥታ የባለሞያ ምክር ወይም ድጋፍ አይተካም። ይህን አይነት አገልግሎት ከተፈለገ ከባለሞያ መጠየቅ አለበት፡፡

አዘጋጆቹ በዚህ ጊዜ በመስፍን ታፈሰ እና ጓዶቹ (MTA) የሕግ ቢሮ በአሶሲየትነት በመስራት ላይ የሚገኙ ሲሆኑ ይህን ስራ አዘጋጆቹ በግላቸው የሰሩት እና የሚሰሩበትን ተቋም ያካተተ ወይም የሚወክል አይደለም። ይህ ማውጫ የሚያገለግለው ለትምህርት እና ለመረጃ ምንጭነት ብቻ ነው። በዚህ ማውጫ ዝግጅት ላይ የፌዴራል ጠቅላይ ፍርድ ቤት ያዘጋጀው ከ ቅጽ 1 እስከ 16 ማውጫን በመጠቀም የቀሩትን ቅጾች አጠቃለን አዘጋጅተናል።

አዘጋጆቹ ይህን ማውጫ በሚያዘጋጁበት ጊዜ በውስጡ ያሉትን መረጃዎች እውነታነት ለማረጋገጥ አስፈላጊውን ጥረት አድርገዋል፡፡ ይህ ማውጫ ሲዘጋጅም ትክክለኛ መረጃ እንዲይዝ በማሰብ ነው፡፡ ሆኖም ግን በዚህ ማውጫ ላይ ሊኖሩ በሚችሉ ስህተቶች፣ ግድፈቶች፣ ጉድለቶች እንዲሁም አለመስማማቶች ሊከሰቱ ለሚችሉ ጉዳቶችም ሆነ ኪሳራ አዘጋጆቹ ምንም አይነት ኃላፊነት እንደማይወስዱ ያሳውቃሉ።

ይህ ማውጫ በዋነኛነት የመረጃ ምንጭ እንዲሆን እና ለሕግ ማህበረሰቡ ቀላል እና ፈጣን ማጣቀሻ እንዲሆን የተዘጋጀ ቢሆንም ቀጥታ የባለሞያ ምክር ወይም ድጋፍ አይተካም። ይህን አይነት አገልግሎት ከተፈለገ ከባለሞያ መጠየቅ አለበት፡፡

Freedom of expression is one of the founding principles of international human rights law. Its significance in ensuring the vitality of democratic self-government is unparalleled. Freedom of expression provides the most important means by which individuals can fully participate in the political life of a community. In fledgling democracies like Ethiopia, ensuring free expression is ever more important as it pacifies tension in society and reduces risks of violence. Freedom of expression is also a powerful means of addressing deep rooted structural problems in society like corruption and embezzlement. Nevertheless, in recent times, rights groups have accused Ethiopia of engaging in continuing repressive measures against the press and the media that undermine the continued vitality of the democratic process. In particular, since the contested national election in 2005, the state has continued to take measures which drastically affect political speech and harshly narrow the political space. These include the adoption of the 2009 Anti- Terrorism Proclamation, the 2009 Charities and Societies Proclamation, and the 2008 Mass Media and Access to Information Proclamation. The purpose of this article is to analyze the current state of press and media freedom in Ethiopia, in particular the normative problems related with the regulation of freedom of expression and the media in light of both the general theory of freedom of expression and international human rights law.

Court Contempt - Afaan Oromo
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 12-29-2020

Qaama aangoo ummataa qabuun dambii bahe ykn ajaja kenname fudhachuu ykn kabajuu diduu; Kabaja qaama kanaa tuquu ykn sirna adeemsa hojii isaa gufachiisuu ykn addaan akka citu gochuu dha. Kunis haala adda addaatiin kan raawwatamuu dha. Xiyyeeffannoon keenya Mana Murtii irratti ta‟us yaadrimeen kun qaamolee aangoo ummataa qaban kan biroos fkn seera baaftuu fi seera raawwachistuu ni dabalata.

CHILD LABOUR ANALYSIS IN ETHIOPIA
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 1.67 MB
 12-28-2020

The 2015 Ethiopia National Child Labour Survey (NCLS) is the most recent survey on child labour in Ethiopia providing detailed information on the extent and characteristics of child labour. However, due to its focus on children living in households—with adults who are legally responsible for them—NCLS omits vulnerable hard-to-reach children not living in traditional households.


The aim of this report is threefold. First, we use data from the 2015 NCLS and the 2013 Labour Force Survey (LFS) to deepen knowledge about the causes and consequences of child labour as well as the labour market for youth. Second, through qualitative interviews and analysis, we seek to enhance knowledge about hard-to-reach children working in urban areas. We want to know why they work, what risks and hazards they face, what makes them vulnerable, what their coping strategies are and what the possible solutions are according to stakeholders. Lastly, the report provides a mapping of national policies and programmes related to child abour and youth employment.