Blog Posts (396)

We have goals, purposes, focuses, reasons to write about Ethiopian laws and our Legal System. Do you have something to write?, then you are welcome! 

I was reading an article on Oromia Law Journal about the degree of court’s control on arbitration under the Ethiopian Arbitration Law. The writer divided the control into three parts: control via appeal (Art 351 of Civ.Pro.Code), set aside (Art 356 of Civ.Pro.Code) and homologation (Art 319(2) of Civ.Pro.Code). He said that courts unfairly arbitration via the avenue of appeal; set aside seems narrow and homologation isn’t included in the Amharic Version of the code, which is senseless; and must be redefined to set the…
Anciently morality and religion were primary basis to govern the relationship between peoples. And there was no need to search for a law maker to enact laws that govern social relations. It was based on natural law that human relations were regulated. But, after a long and serious debate between legal scholars and philosophers it is determined that there must be a human made law to regulate human relations. Based on this conception, law made by human beings has played an important role in the…
በሕዝብ እንባ ጠባቂ ተቋም የአስተዳደር ጥፋት የሚመለከት ምርመራ ለማካሔድ ስለአስተዳደር በደል በሚቀርብ አቤቱታ ሊጀመር ይችላል፡፡ ማለትም ተቋሙ በራሱ አነሳሽነት ከሚያደርገው ምርመራ በስተቀር ሁሉም በእንባ ጠባቂ በኩል የሚደረጉ ምርመራዎች ሥረ መሠረቱ ለተቋሙ የሚቀርብ አቤቱታ ነው፡፡ ስለአቤቱታ አቅራቢ ለእንባ ጠባቂ ተቋም አቤቱታ የሚቀርበው መብቴ ተጥሶብኛል በሚል ሰው፣ ወይም በሚስት ወይም በባል ወይም በቤተዘመድ ወይም በወኪል ወይም በሦስተኛ ወገን ሊሆን ይችላል፡፡ በዚህ ዓረፍተ ነገር ከግል ተበዳይ ውጭ ያሉ አቤቱታ ለማቅረብ የሚችሉ ሰዎች ማንነት የሚሸፈነውና የሚወሰነው በሌሎች አግባብነት ባላቸው ሕጐች ነው፡፡ ባል፣ ሚስትና ቤተዘመድ ተብሎ የተጠቀሰው በቤተሰብ ሕግ በተመለከተው…
 INTRODUCTION This article is about “The police and human rights in Ethiopia”. Every state has the obligation to respect, protect and fulfill human rights of human beings. And police as one part the executive organ of government has its own obligations towards human rights. These include the obligation to respect and protect human rights. And police officers have also a direct and day to day contact with the entire society that requires an enormous effort and patience of police officers to respect and protect human…
በልደታ ክፍለ ከተማ ውስጥ ሺሻ በማስጨስ ተግባር ላይ ተሰማርተው የሚገኙ ግለሰቦች እና የማስጨሻ ቤቶች መኖራቸውን የተረዳው የልደታ ክፍለ ከተማ ፖሊስ መምሪያ እና በሥሩ የሚገኙ የተለያዩ ፖሊስ ጣቢያዎች የሺሻ ማስጨሻ ዕቃዎችን እና ሺሻ ሲያስጨሱ የነበሩ ግለሰቦችን በቁጥጥር ስር አውለዋል፡፡ ሺሻን ሲያስጨሱ የነበሩ ግለሰቦች ላይም የወንጀል ምርመራ የተጣራባቸው ሲሆን በምርመራ መዛግብቱ ላይ በፌዴራል ዐቃቤ ሕግ በኩል ተገቢውን የሕግ አስተያየትና ውሳኔ መስጠት ይጠበቃል፡፡ ሆኖም ጉዳዩ ከዚህ ቀደም በፌዴራል ፍርድ ቤቶችና በፌዴራል ዐቃቤ ሕግ ሲታይ ያልነበረ በአንፃሩ በአዲስ አበባ ከተማ አስተዳደር ፍርድ ቤቶችና በከተማ ነክ ፍትሕ ጽ/ቤቶች የአቤቱታ ምርመራና…
Introduction Without effective leadership and Good Governance at all levels in private, public and civil organizations, it is arguably virtually impossible to achieve and to sustain effective administration, to achieve goals, to sustain quality and deliver first-rate services. The increasing complexities and requirements arising from the constant change in society, coupled with the constant push for higher levels of productivity, require effective and ethical leadership. Good governance and effective-ethical leadership are the essential requirements for an organization to be considered successful in the eyes of…
መግቢያ አለም ዐቀፍ፣ የግልግል የዕርቅና የሽምግልና ተግባራት መሠረታዊ አላማ፣ ከተለያዩ ሀገራት ዜጐች ወይም ኩባንያዎች ጋር የንግድ ግንኙነት በመሠረቱ ወገኖች መካከል የሚያጋጥም የንግድ አለመግባባትን ከመደበኛው የፍርድ ሂደት ወይም ሥነ-ሥርዓት ውጪ በገላጋዮች፣ በአስታራቂዎች ወይም በሽምጋዮች እንደተዋዋይ ወገኖች ፍላጐት ለመፍታት ጥረት የሚደረግበት አለም ዓቀፋዊ ይዘት ያለውን አሠራር ለማስፈን ነው፡፡ ግልግሉ፣ አስታራቂነቱ ወይም ሽምግልናው ውጤት እንዲኖረው፣ በተዋዋይ ወገኖች አስቀድሞ ተቀባይነት ያገኘ በፅሁፍ የተደረገ ስምምነት ወይም ልማዳዊ አሠራር ሊኖር ይገባል፡፡ ተዋዋይ ወገኖች አስቀድመው ባልተስማሙበት አኳኋን የሚደረግ የግልግል፣ የዕርቅ ወይም የሽምግልና አሰራር፣ በተዋዋይ ወገኖች ሙሉ ፈቃድ ካልሆነና በፅሁፍ፣ ጥያቄው ካልቀረበላቸው በቀር…
This article critically analyzes the share company law provisions of the Ethiopian Commercial Code in light of the OECD (Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development) Principles of Corporate Governance. For convenience, it organizes and analyzes the share company law provisions corresponding with the structures of OECD Principles. The article identifies and demonstrates the loopholes and drawbacks of the share company law provisions that should be revisited and updated in light of the relevant OECD Principles of corporate governance. 1.1 Enhancing the Legal and Regulatory Framework…
The GTP has recognized the contributions of the Ethiopian civil society sector to date and provided for their role in the development planning period covered by the document. Generally, such recognition relates to resource mobilization, implementation of social sector programmes, capacity building and good governance, and cross-cutting sectors (especially women’s and children’s affairs, youth development and social welfare). A) Financing The implementation of the GTP requires substantive domestic and external resources to finance the anticipated budget deficit. The contributions of NGOs in addressing the financing…
I. Introduction As one part of the subject matter of Intellectual Property Law (hereinafter IP), patent is mostly referred as “hard IP” as opposed to “soft IP” which is used to refer copyright, trademark, trade secret and other form of protection. Patent law maintains the lion’s share in the discussion of the subject matter of IP. Any jurisdiction that tries to govern the patent regime primarily defines the statutory subject matter and provides what should and should not be patented. Under the United States (US)…
Introduction It has often been considered that every addition of a new law in a statute book is amending a prior existing law. As a result, analyzing legislative proposal both in its relation and in its effect with rights and privileges under existing and established law continues to be an important subset of Legislative Drafting. A person engaged in analyzing the legislative proposal should either be familiar with the existing relevant law or know where it can be found. Existing laws, among other things, constitute…
In Ethiopia, the use of mediation process as a traditional method of dispute resolution has been practiced for centuries. Even today in rural areas, particularly criminal dispute resolution processes dealing with victims and criminal offenders are widely practiced and deep rooted with varying degrees among the different ethnic groups in the country. For instance, the use of mediation process through Jaarsaa Biyya or Jaarsaa Araara among the Oromo and the other ethnic groups has been used. However, despite the potential applicability of these institutions as…
Over the past year we have witnessed a lot of political turmoil in the Arab world and the rest of Africa. Particularly, in Maghreb Region including Tunisia, Egypt and Libya, there are unprecedented changes that swept the North Africa States in a very short time. Now in these countries, there is a shift from, at least, one man rule to rule by some people. Although situations seem to be better than ever, nobody still certainly knows where the revolution ends up and how far the…